Percpu rw semaphores¶
Percpu rw semaphores is a new read-write semaphore design that is optimized for locking for reading.
The problem with traditional read-write semaphores is that when multiple cores take the lock for reading, the cache line containing the semaphore is bouncing between L1 caches of the cores, causing performance degradation.
Locking for reading is very fast, it uses RCU and it avoids any atomic
instruction in the lock and unlock path. On the other hand, locking for
writing is very expensive, it calls
synchronize_rcu() that can take
hundreds of milliseconds.
The lock is declared with “struct percpu_rw_semaphore” type. The lock is initialized percpu_init_rwsem, it returns 0 on success and -ENOMEM on allocation failure. The lock must be freed with percpu_free_rwsem to avoid memory leak.
The lock is locked for read with percpu_down_read, percpu_up_read and for write with percpu_down_write, percpu_up_write.
The idea of using RCU for optimized rw-lock was introduced by Eric Dumazet <firstname.lastname@example.org>. The code was written by Mikulas Patocka <email@example.com>